e-Clear sanitizes the water and not the swimmer. With e-Clear the powerful disinfecting oxidizers, OH, H2O2 and O1, are produced within a sealed oxygen chamber away from the swimmer rather than in the swimming pool itself.

Oxygen rich water is healthy water. The e-Clear technology mimics nature by producing high saturation levels of O2 in the swimming pool which leaves water sanitized, crystal clear and pure, without the use of toxic chemicals.

 

e-Clear vs. salt chlorination

 



How does it sanitize the water?

 
e-Clear Salt  

Electronic oxidation combined with Ionization. e-Clear oxygenation system provides natural oxidation and 100% chlorine and chemical free water.
 

Salt chlorinators produce chlorine gas via electrolyses of salt (NaCl).

Chlorine gas is converted to Sodium Hypochlorite (liquid chlorine/bleach) in the swimming pool water.

The process of generating chlorine also produces sodium hydroxide, NaOH (sodium hydroxide or caustic soda) in the water.
 

What sanitizing molecules/oxidizers are produced?

     
e-Clear   Salt
     
Within a sealed chamber, the natural oxidizers OH-, O1-, H2O2 and O2 are generated from the water (H2O) molecule itself.

O2 remain in the water and is combined with copper ions to provide a long-lasting, stable and healthy sanitizing residual.

For some applications also combines UV.

 
  In water, chlorine gas, Sodium  and Calcium Hypochlorite forms the oxidizer Hypochlorous Acid (HOCL).

 

Is it 100% chlorine free?
     

e-Clear

 

Salt

     
Yes.

O2 and copper ions provide an effective and long-lasting sanitizing residual in the swimming pool.

e-Clear does not require any chlorine.
 
  No.

A saltwater pool is not chlorine-free; it simply utilizes a chlorine generator instead of direct addition of chlorine.
 
How powerful are the oxidizers, i.e. What are their respective Oxidation Reduction Potential (ORP) values?

e-Clear

 

Salt

e-Clear    
Powerful natural oxidizers with High ORP Values (click here for ORP Table):

OH- (2.05), O1- (1.78), H2O2 (Liquid Oxygen - 1.3) and O2 (0.94)

 
  Average ORP Values (click here for ORP Table):

Sodium Hypochlorite (0.69), HOCL (1.1)

 
How much oxidation is produced?
     

e-Clear

 

Salt

     
Very high and constant oxidation output.
Single pair small anodes generate ~3,500 g/h oxidizers.

Entry Level Patented Stack anode design with autocatalytic oxidation generates from ~40,000g/hr.

Commercial Multiple Stack anode systems are custom made to match bather load.

 
  Highly variable depending on bather load, ie chlorine reacting with organic matter reduces available HOCL levels.

Some chlorinators do not generate enough chlorine and requires addition of chlorine manually.



 
Are the oxidizers harmful to the swimmer?
     
e-Clear  

Salt

     
No, e-clear is 100% non-toxic.

Highly reactive e-clear oxidizers are produced in a sealed chamber, away from the swimmer and not in the swimming pool itself.

In the swimming pool water, Oxygen and Ionization provide water that is sanitized yet healthy and therapeutic, soft and gentle.

No corrosion, red eyes, dried out hair or skin.
 
  Yes, with salt water pools you are still swimming in chlorine, which is toxic and harmful to the swimmer.

HOCL, an aggressive and corrosive oxidizer, is produced in the swimming pool itself.

HOCL is absorbed through the skin and produces harmful reactive O1- radicals within living cells.

Although salt makes the water feel softer, HOCL is harmful and attacks the skin, hair and eyes of swimmers.
 
Does it form disinfection by products (DBPs)?
 
e-Clear  

Salt

     
No DBPs are formed.   Yes, chlorine generated from salt binds organic matter in water to form harmful organo-chlorines or DBPs such as the Trihalomethanes (THMs).

The predominant THM is Bromoform (Confirmed carcinogen in animals).

Bromoform is not as volatile as chloroform and can accumulate to very high levels in the pool. Bromoform is absorbed mainly through the skin and inhalation.

THMs in water is linked to increased risk of bladder and other cancers and birth defects.

 
     
Does it give off odours/gasses?
     
e-Clear   Salt
     
No odours and no toxic gasses are generated.   Yes, since salt chlorinators generate chlorine, salt pools also give off a strong odour from Chloramine gas, a toxic gas that is produced when chlorine binds sweat, urine and organic matter.

Chloramines are highly aggressive and toxic when inhaled and significantly increases the risk of developing bronchiolitis, asthma and allergies.
     
Is it eco-friendly and water wise?
     
e-Clear   Salt
     
Yes.

Does not generate any persistent organic pollutants (POPs)/ DBPs and no greenhouse gas emissions.

Water is free from harmful chemicals and pollutants so swimming pools can be back washed directly to irrigation.

Energy and Water efficient.

 
  Not Eco-friendly.

Salt chlorinators have been banned in a number of states in the USA and areas of Australia due to harmful salinification of natural water ways. Urban salinification is becoming a growing environmental concern.

Salt chlorination also produces greenhouse gasses and harmful POPs including Bromoform.

Not water wise. Due to toxicity of salt and pollutants swimming pools can not be back washed directly to irrigation.

Salt chlorinators have a high electrical consumption.
 
How efficient is the sanitation in heated water?
     
e-Clear   Salt
     
Very efficient.

Due to the high oxidation output e-clear is highly efficient in heated water, even at temperatures exceeding 32oC.

Copper ionization, which is unaffected by heat, provides a lasting residual even in warm water.
  Not efficient.

Salt chlorination does not sanitize efficiently at temperatures exceeding 32oC, with increased levels of chlorine required in heated water.

 
     

Does it require stabilizing chemicals?

     
e-Clear   Salt
     
No, e-clear sanitation is not affected by sunlight (UV) and requires no stabilizing chemicals.
 
  Yes, since salt chlorinators produce chlorine and chlorine is destroyed by sunlight (UV), salt pools require stabilizing chemicals such as cyanuric acid.
     
Is the sanitation pH dependent?
     
e-Clear   Salt
     
Yes, pH must be managed and maintained at neutral pH, i.e. pH6.8 - 7.2.

pH is very stable due to high levels of Dissolved Oxygen and absence of aggressive chemicals in the water, so e-Clear pools require ~ 10x less HCL than chlorine pools.

Oxidation efficiency decreases above pH7.2. pH management is required to maintain pH below 7.2. Pool acid, a food grade HCL or citric acid is recommended. Since the pH reaction goes to completion immediately the water remains chemical free.

No alkaline management required. Even if pH drops to 6.8 water remains soft, gentle and non-corrosive since water is chemical free.
 
  Yes.

pH sensitive with optimal range between pH 7.2 and 7.6.

When the HOCL is used up what is left is NaOH (sodium hydroxide/caustic soda). This causes the pH of the pool to rise. Salt pools therefore require high levels of pool acid/HCL to lower the pH.

Above pH7.6 oxidation efficiency decreases rapidly due to reduction in HOCL oxidizer levels.

Below pH 7.2 water becomes highly aggressive, corrosive and burning, due to increase in HOCL levels.
 
How corrosive is it?
     
e-Clear   Salt
     
Not corrosive.

e-Clear produces oxygen in the water. Oxygen converts calcium in the water to a bicarbonate form which softens the water. Adds years of life to filtration equipment.
 
  Salt and chlorine pools both produce HOCL oxidizers which are very corrosive.

Since salt acts as an electrolyte in water this increases corrosion via electrochemical galvanic corrosion.  Flexi pipe on skimmers will eventually strangle themselves blocking flow rate. Pumps, metallic parts on filters will corrode. Metal surrounds of the pool will also corrode.
 

The e-Clear technology is effective against E.coli, Coliforms, Enterococci, Pseudomonas, Giardia, viruses, algae and chlorine resistant organisms such as Legionella and Cryptosporidium.


 
How it works The benefits How we compare
The e-Clear Oxygenation provides 4 levels of water sanitation, making it the most advanced non-toxic sanitation technology currently available for swimming pools and drinking water. more... With Oxygen enriched mineral water for your swimming pool rather than harmful chemicals or salt chlorination, the benefits are obvious. Healthy, Eco-friendly, Water-wise, Hassle free, Cost-effective, more... To see how the patented e-Clear oxygenation technology differs from chlorine, bromine, salt chlorinators, ozone, ultraviolet (UV) and Ionization systems, click here for more...
The e-Clear Oxygenation provides 4 levels of water sanitation, making it the most advanced non-toxic sanitation technology currently available for swimming pools and drinking water. more... With Oxygen enriched mineral water for your swimming pool rather than harmful chemicals or salt chlorination, the benefits are obvious. Healthy, Eco-friendly, Water-wise, Hassle free, Cost-effective, more... To see how the patented e-Clear oxygenation technology differs from chlorine, bromine, salt chlorinators, ozone, ultraviolet (UV) and Ionization systems, click here for more...

 

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